Whistleblowing is the act of reporting wrongdoing within an entity and has, over the years, led to detecting large scale scandals and criminal offences across the globe.
In terms of Maltese law, whistleblowing may either be done internally or externally. Internal whistleblowing occurs when someone within an entity makes a report through the entity’s whistleblowing channels, while external whistleblowing on the other hand, is when wrongdoing is reported publicly or through external reporting channels.
Although sometimes confused with workplace grievances, whistleblowing is different to raising a workplace grievance. A grievance is a matter of personal concern and does not often impact on the wider public, whereas a whistleblowing report often relates to more serious and widespread concerns.
The protection of whistleblowers in Malta is regulated by means of the Protection of the Whistleblower Act, Chapter 527 of the Laws of Malta. The legislator has also recently published amendments to Chapter 527 with a view of transposing Directive (EU) 2019/1937 on the protection of persons who report breaches of Union law.